Our practice areas are guided by our specific strengths. We can support clients on particular transactions or on the range of legal concerns that arise from market entry and managing on-going commercial interests.

Practice areas


We offer extensive experience acting on domestic and cross-border corporate matters for major businesses in a wide range of industries. These matters include:
Joint ventures between domestic and foreign companies
Corporate structuring, restructuring, formation and liquidation
Mergers and acquisitions
Foreign investment structuring and documentation
Foreign investment license (FIPPA license) applications
Sales, procurement, agency, distribution, manufacturing and franchising agreements
On-going company administration (including capital increases, general meetings and filings)
Licensing, regulatory and compliance matters
Legal due diligence


We offer clients experience gained from involvement in some of the major projects in Iran in recent years. Our capabilities and experiences in project matters include:
Regulatory and licensing matters relating to:
conventional (combined cycle gas) and renewable (solar, wind, waste-to-energy) power plant construction
oil and gas field exploration and development
airport construction and development
road and railway construction
water treatment facility construction and development
Financing arrangements, including PPPs, private financings and local National Development Fund borrowings
Preparing and negotiating concession agreements (BOO and BOT)
Preparing and negotiating ancillary agreements such as FIDIC and local EPC contracts
Land acquisition for projects
Public procurement and local content requirements
Legal due diligence

Finance and Capital Markets

We have extensive experience with domestic and cross-border finance and capital market matters, and can advise on matters including:
General lending transactions and related security matters, including Sharia-compliant financings
Sukuk structuring and documentation
Asset / title finance including for aircraft and vessels
Equity offerings including IPOs
Domestic and offshore fund formation and management
Regulatory and licensing matters including applications with regulatory organisations
Foreign portfolio investment on the stock exchanges


We have represented clients in complex contentious matters before Iranian courts and in arbitration proceedings. We can commence proceedings or defences, and work with a network of proficient local litigators. Our capabilities include:
Advising on dispute settlement mechanisms, court procedure, choice of forum and arbitration, and recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments and arbitral awards
Representation before Iranian courts and arbitral panels
Structuring claims and defences, and preparing pleadings
Pre-proceeding preliminary measures and injunctions
Negotiation of settlement agreements
Proceedings for recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments and awards

Other areas

In addition to the broader practice areas above, we advise on specialist areas including:
Import, export and customs matters
Real estate
Labour matters
Free Trade-Industrial Zones (FTIZs) and Special Economic Energy Zones (SEEZs)