With the benefit of extensive experience acting on domestic and cross-border corporate matters for major businesses in a wide range of industries, including some of the most significant transactions in the market, we advise on:

> Market entry; corporate structuring and formation; on-going company administration

> Market exit and liquidation

> Joint ventures

> Domestic and cross-border mergers and acquisitions

> Foreign investment structuring, documentation and licensing (FIPPA)

> Sales, procurement, agency, distribution, manufacturing and franchising arrangements

> Restructuring

> Regulatory, licensing and compliance matters

> Legal due diligence to support acquisitions, JVs and other corporate matters

> Off-take contract drafting and negotiation

> EPC contract drafting and negotiation

> IPC negotiation

> Financing arrangements, including PPPs and private financings

> Public procurement, tenders and local content requirements

> Project-related regulation and licensing

> Land acquisition for projects

> Legal due diligence to support projects

We have extensive high-level international experience in cross-border finance and capital market matters, and can advise on:

> Lending, both conventional and Sharia-compliant, related security matters, and general banking

> Debt capital market transactions, including bonds, sukuk and ABS

> Private and public equity offerings including IPOs

> Investment fund formation, management and investments, both domestic and offshore

> Financial regulation and licensing matters

We have a successful record of representing foreign clients in complex contentious matters involving Iran. Our capabilities in contentious matters include:

> Pre-proceeding matters

We advise on dispute settlement mechanisms, court procedure, choice of forum and arbitration; assess and analyse a client’s position in contentious matters; advise on judicial assistance treaties in cross-border disputes; prepare letters of demand; obtain pre-proceeding interim measures and injunctions; and negotiate settlements.

> Litigation

We act as counsel before Iranian courts in civil and criminal matters; prepare statements of claim, defence and counterclaim; enforce domestic judgments; obtain recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments and arbitral awards; and serve as Iranian law experts in foreign litigation.

> Arbitration

We act as counsel or co-counsel in arbitration proceedings, and as local law experts in proceedings abroad.

In addition to the broader practice areas listed above, we advise on specialist areas including:

> Competition

> Intellectual property

> Data privacy

> Employment and labour matters

> Free Trade-Industrial Zones (FTIZs) and Special Economic Energy Zones (SEEZs)

> Product liability

> Real estate

> Taxation

> Trade, import, export and customs matters

> Private client matters